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Anxiety Disorders

Frequently Asked Questions

In today's fast-paced and demanding world, it's not uncommon to experience feelings of anxiety. Whether it's due to work pressures, personal challenges, or global events, anxiety can affect individuals of all ages and backgrounds. However, it's essential to recognize that anxiety is a normal human emotion and that there are effective strategies for managing it. In this article, we will explore the nature of anxiety, its impact on our lives, and practical techniques to help you find inner peace.


Anxiety is a common mental health condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It can manifest in various forms, including generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety, and panic disorder.

Approximately 301 million individuals, accounting for approximately 4.05% of the world's population, are believed to experience an anxiety disorder. This figure represents a significant increase of over 55% between 1990 and 2019. - Middle East Curr Psychiatry 30, 44 (2023)

Definition and Classification of Anxiety Disorders:

  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): Persistent and excessive worry about everyday situations.

  • Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD): Fear and avoidance of social interactions and performance situations.

  • Panic Disorder: Recurrent panic attacks characterized by intense fear and physical symptoms.

Causes and Risk Factors:

  • Genetic predisposition and family history of anxiety disorders.

  • Neurochemical imbalances and dysregulation of neurotransmitters.

  • Traumatic life events, such as abuse, loss, or accidents.

  • Chronic medical conditions or substance abuse.

  • Environmental factors, including high stress levels and societal pressures.

Symptoms and Diagnostic Criteria:

  • Psychological symptoms: Excessive worrying, restlessness, irritability, difficulty concentrating, and insomnia.

  • Physical symptoms: Increased heart rate, sweating, shortness of breath, muscle tension, and gastrointestinal disturbances.

  • Diagnostic criteria according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5).

Assessing and Diagnosing Anxiety Disorders:

  • Screening tools and questionnaires to assess anxiety levels.

  • Differential diagnosis to rule out other medical and psychiatric conditions.

  • Collaborative approach involving mental health professionals and healthcare providers.

Treatment Approaches:

  • Psychotherapy: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Exposure Therapy, and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT).

  • Medications: Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), Benzodiazepines, and Beta-Blockers.

  • Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) approaches: Yoga, meditation, acupuncture, and herbal supplements.

  • Lifestyle modifications: Regular exercise, balanced diet, adequate sleep, and stress management techniques.

Self-Help Strategies:

  • Stress reduction techniques: Deep breathing exercises, progressive muscle relaxation, and mindfulness meditation.

  • Building a strong support system: Seeking support from friends, family, and support groups.

  • Lifestyle changes: Maintaining a healthy work-life balance, engaging in hobbies, and setting realistic goals.

Prevention and Early Intervention:

  • Identifying and addressing risk factors at an early stage.

  • Implementing stress management and resilience-building programs.

  • Providing education and awareness about anxiety disorders.


Anxiety disorders can significantly impact an individual's quality of life, but with the right understanding and effective management strategies, individuals can regain control and improve their well-being. Early recognition, proper diagnosis, and a holistic treatment approach involving therapy, medication, and self-help strategies can lead to positive outcomes. It is crucial to prioritize mental health and seek professional help when needed to navigate the challenges of anxiety disorders successfully.


Dr. Ashish Dutta, MD (Psychiatry)
Senior Consultant Psychiatrist

Dr. Ashish Dutta, MD (Psychiatry)
Senior Consultant Psychiatrist
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